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Reese in 1998
Delloreese Patricia Early
July 6, 1931
|Died||November 19, 2017 (aged 86)|
|Education||Wayne State University (attended)|
(m. 1952; div. 1958)
Leroy Basil Gray
(m. 1959; div. 1961)
(m. 1961; ann. 1961)
Franklin Lett Jr.
Delloreese Patricia Early (July 6, 1931 – November 19, 2017), known professionally as Della Reese, was an American jazz and gospel singer, actress, and ordained minister whose career spanned seven decades. Her long career began as a singer, scoring a hit with her 1959 single "Don't You Know?". In the late 1960s she hosted her own talk show, Della, which ran for 197 episodes. From 1975 she also starred in films, playing opposite Redd Foxx in Harlem Nights (1989), Martin Lawrence in A Thin Line Between Love and Hate (1996) and Elliott Gould in Expecting Mary (2010). Reese achieved continued success in the religious television drama Touched by an Angel (1994–2003), in which she played the leading role of Tess.
Della Reese was born Delloreese Patricia Early on July 6, 1931, in the historic Black Bottom neighborhood of Detroit, Michigan, to Richard Thaddeus Early, an African American steelworker, and Nellie (Mitchelle), a Native American cook of the Cherokee tribe. Her mother had had several children before Reese's birth, none of whom lived with her; hence, Reese grew up as an only child. At six years old, Reese began singing in church; from this experience she became an avid gospel singer. On weekends in the 1940s, she and her mother would go to the movies independently to watch the likes of Joan Crawford, Bette Davis, and Lena Horne portray glamorous lives on screen. Afterward, Reese would act out scenes from the films. In 1944, she began her career directing the young people's choir, after she had nurtured acting plus her obvious musical talent. She was often chosen, on radio, as a regular singer. At the age of 13, she was hired to sing with Mahalia Jackson's gospel group. Reese entered Detroit's Cass Technical High School (where she attended the same year as Edna Rae Gillooly, later known as Ellen Burstyn). She also continued with her touring with Jackson. With higher grades, she became in 1947 the first in her family to graduate from high school, aged 15.
After this she formed her own gospel group, the Meditation Singers. However, due in part to her father's serious illness and the death of her mother, Reese had to interrupt her schooling at Wayne State University to help support her family. Faithful to the memory of her mother, Delloreese moved out of her father's house when she disapproved of him taking up with a new girlfriend. She then took on odd jobs, such as truck driver, dental receptionist, and elevator operator, after 1949. Performing in clubs, Early soon decided to shorten her name from "Delloreese Early" to "Della Reese".
Reese was discovered by the gospel singer Mahalia Jackson, and her big break came when she won a contest, which gave her a week to sing at Detroit's well-known Flame Show Bar. Reese remained there for eight weeks. Although her roots were in gospel music, she now was being exposed to and influenced by such jazz artists as Ella Fitzgerald, Sarah Vaughan and Billie Holiday. In 1953, she signed a recording contract with Jubilee Records, for which she recorded six albums. Later that year, she also joined the Hawkins Orchestra. Her first recordings for Jubilee were songs such as "In the Still of the Night" (originally published in 1937), "I've Got My Love to Keep Me Warm" and "Time After Time" (1947). The songs were later included on the album And That Reminds Me (1959).
In 1957, Reese released a single called "And That Reminds Me". After years of performing, she gained chart success with this song. It became a Top Twenty pop hit and a million-seller record. That year, Reese was voted by Billboard, Cashbox and various other magazines, as "The Most Promising Singer". In 1959, Reese moved to RCA Records and released her first RCA single, called "Don't You Know?", which was adapted from Giacomo Puccini's music for La bohème, specifically the aria "Quando m'en vo'" (Musetta's Waltz). It became her biggest hit to date, reaching the number 2 spot on the pop charts and topping the R&B charts (then called the "Hot R&B Sides") that year. It sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc by the RIAA. Eventually, the song came to be widely considered the signature song of her early career. She then released a successful follow-up single called "Not One Minute More" (number 16). She remained on the Billboard Hot 100 chart with "And Now" (number 69). In 1960 she released "Someday (You'll Want Me to Want You)" (number 56) which was drawn from her Grammy-nominated album Della. The album rose in the pop album charts to number 35.
In November 1960, Reese appeared in advertisements in Ebony magazine for the newly launched AMI Continental jukebox. Reese recorded regularly throughout the 1960s, releasing singles and several albums. Two of the most significant were The Classic Della (1962) and Waltz with Me, Della (1963), which broadened her fan base internationally. She recorded several jazz-focused albums, including Della Reese Live (1966), On Strings of Blue (1967) and One of a Kind (1978). She also performed in Las Vegas for nine years, and toured across the country. Reese continued to record albums in the following decades, receiving two more Grammy nominations in the gospel category for the album Della Reese and Brilliance (1991) and for the live recorded album, My Soul Feels Better Right Now (1999). Motown singer Martha Reeves cites Reese as a major influence, and says she named her group The Vandellas after Van Dyke Street in Detroit and Della Reese. In 2017 she was inducted into the Rhythm & Blues Hall of Fame.
Television and film career
In 1969, Reese began a transition into acting work which would eventually lead to her highest profile. Her first attempt at television stardom was a talk show series, Della, which was cancelled after 197 episodes (June 9, 1969 – March 13, 1970). In 1970, Reese became the first black woman to guest host The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson. She appeared in several TV movies and miniseries, was a regular on Chico and the Man and played the mother of B. A. Baracus in The A-Team episode "Lease with an Option to Die". In 1991, she starred opposite her old friend Redd Foxx in his final sitcom, The Royal Family, but his death halted production of the series for several months. Reese also did voice-over for the late 1980s Hanna-Barbera animated series A Pup Named Scooby-Doo on ABC. In 1989, she starred alongside Eddie Murphy, Richard Pryor and Redd Foxx in the film Harlem Nights, in which she performed a fight scene with Eddie Murphy. Reese appeared as a panelist on several episodes of the television game show Match Game, and Latrice Royale impersonated Reese on season 4 of RuPaul's Drag Race All Stars in the "Snatch Game of Love", a Match Game and The Dating Game parody.
Television guest appearances
Reese had a wide variety of guest-starring roles, beginning with an episode of The Mod Squad. This led to other roles in such series as: The Bold Ones: The New Doctors, Getting Together, Police Woman, Petrocelli, Joe Forrester, Police Story, The Rookies, McCloud, Sanford and Son (with old friend Redd Foxx), Vega$, and Insight. She featured in two episodes of The Love Boat, three episodes of Crazy Like a Fox, four episodes of Charlie & Co. (opposite Flip Wilson), 227 (with best friend Marla Gibbs), MacGyver, Night Court, Dream On, Designing Women, Picket Fences, Disney Channel's That's So Raven, and The Young and the Restless. She also had a recurring role in It Takes Two opposite Richard Crenna and Patty Duke.
Touched by an Angel
After coping with the death of one of her best friends, Redd Foxx, in 1991, she was reluctant to play an older female lead in the inspirational television drama Touched by an Angel, but went ahead and auditioned for the role of Tess. She wanted to have a one-shot agreement between CBS and producer Martha Williamson, but the network ordered more episodes. Reese was widely seen as a key component of the show's success. Already starring on Touched by an Angel was the lesser-known Irish actress Roma Downey, who played the role of case worker Tess's angel/employee, Monica. In numerous interviews, there was an on- and off-screen chemistry between both Reese and Downey. The character of Tess was the angelic supervisor who sent the other angels out on missions to help people redeem their lives and show them God's love, while at the same time, she was sassy and had a no-nonsense attitude. The show often featured a climactic monologue delivered by the angel Monica in which she reveals herself as an angel to a human with the words: "I am an angel sent by God to tell you that He loves you." The character of Tess was portrayed by Reese as down-to-earth, experienced and direct. Reese also sang the show's theme song, "Walk with You", and was featured prominently on the soundtrack album produced in conjunction with the show.
During its first season in 1994, many critics were skeptical about the show, it being the second overtly religious prime-time fantasy series, after Highway to Heaven. The show had a rocky start, low ratings and was cancelled 11 episodes into the first season. However, with the help of a massive letter-writing campaign, the show was resuscitated the following season and became a huge ratings winner for the next seven seasons. At the beginning of the fourth season in 1997, Reese threatened to leave the show because she was making less than her co-stars; CBS ended up raising her salary. In 2000, her health problems became obvious when she collapsed on the set and was hospitalized. Touched by an Angel was cancelled in 2003, but it continued re-running heavily in syndication and on Ion Television (formerly PAX-TV), The Hallmark Channel, Up, and later MeTV. Roma Downey said of her on- and off-screen relationship with Reese:
She's very wise. She's very loving. She can be a little gruff at times, but she's always adoring and adorable. I lost my mother when I was very young, and during my whole adolescence and into my twenties, I'd been looking for a mother figure, and I really think I can say with absolute truth and sincerity that I feel that I finally found her in Della Reese.
Downey later also said:
I think I'll just always remember the feel of her neck against my cheek when she hugs me and the love I know that she has for me and the love that I feel for her and the love that she has for God. To know Della is to know that she loves God.
Reese's mother, Nellie Mitchelle Early, died in 1949 of an intracerebral hemorrhage. Reese's father, Richard Early, died ten years later. Reese had an adoptive daughter whom she acquired from a family member unable to care for her, named Delorese Daniels Owens, in 1961. Owens died on March 14, 2002. She died from complications stemming from pituitary disease. Reese said of the experience, sharing her frustration with the lack of awareness and knowledge of pituitary disorders:
When it happened, I thought, "It's such an odd thing to die from," because pituitary problems aren't something you hear about. It makes it harder because you don't understand what happened. It seemed so strange and hard to explain. It still is, to be honest.
In 1952, Reese married factory worker Vermont Adolphus Bon Taliaferro, nineteen years her senior. She adopted the stage name Pat Ferro for a week, before introducing the stage name she used for the rest of her life—though sources differ as to whether this name change was after the failure of the marriage, or simply a show-business decision. A second marriage ceremony, on December 28, 1959, to accountant Leroy Basil Gray, who had two children by a previous marriage, was kept secret for some time. This marriage either ended in divorce or was annulled on the basis that Gray's previous divorce was invalid. In 1961, Reese was briefly married to bandleader Mercer Ellington (who was then her manager), before their union was annulled later that year due to Ellington's Mexican divorce from his wife Evelyn Walker being ruled invalid. In 1983, she married Franklin Thomas Lett, Jr., a concert producer and writer.
In 1979, during taping for a guest spot on The Tonight Show, Reese suffered a near-fatal brain aneurysm, but made a full recovery after two surgeries by neurosurgeon Charles Drake at University Hospital in London, Ontario. In 2016, shortly after her 85th birthday, Reese was said to be in poor health, and had undergone multiple surgeries. She further disclosed that she had neglected her health for years, which had contributed to her developing diabetes. After her last appearance in Signed, Sealed, Delivered, she retired from acting. While Reese sometimes used a wheelchair, she avoided using one often, because it would make her condition worse.
In the 1980s, Reese was ordained a minister through the Christian New Thought branch known as Unity after serving as the senior minister and founder of her own church, Understanding Principles for Better Living. The "Up Church" is under Universal Foundation for Better Living, a denomination of Christian New Thought founded by Rev. Johnnie Colemon, a close friend of Rev. Reese-Lett. In her ministerial work, she was known as the Rev. Dr. Della Reese Lett.
|1975||Psychic Killer||Mrs. Gibson|||
|1989||Harlem Nights||Vera Walker|||
|1996||A Thin Line Between Love and Hate||Ma Wright|||
|2005||Beauty Shop||Mrs. Towner|||
|2007||If I Had Known I Was a Genius||Nana|||
|2010||Expecting Mary||Doris Dorkus|||
|2012||Meant to Be||Mave|||
|2012||Christmas Angel||Elsa Way|||
|1973||Voyage of the Yes||Opal Parker|||
|1974||Twice in a Lifetime||Flo|||
|1975||Cop on the Beat||Claudine|||
|1976||Nightmare in Badham County||Sarah|||
|1990||The Kid Who Loved Christmas||Alicia Slater|||
|1992||You Must Remember This||Ella DuChamps||Voice|
|1997||A Match Made in Heaven||Katie Beale|||
|1997||Miracle in the Woods||Lilly Cooper|||
|1998||Emma's Wish||Mona Washburn|||
|1998||Mama Flora's Family||Nana Fleming|||
|1999||The Secret Path||Honey|||
|1999||Having Our Say: The Delany Sisters First 100 Years||Martha Logan|||
|1999||Anya's Bell||Anya Herpick|||
|2000||The Moving of Sophia Myles||Sophia Myles|||
|2012||Christmas Angel||Elsie Waybright|||
|2013||Dear Secret Santa||Linda|||
|2013||Miracle at Gate 213||Alma Peddington|||
|1968||The Mod Squad||Paula||Episode: "Find Tara Chapman!"|||
|1970||The Bold Ones: The New Doctors||Grace Dayton||Episode: "Killer on the Loose"|||
|1974||Police Woman||Tina Thompson||Episode: "Requiem for Bored Wives"|||
|1974–1976||McCloud||Police Sgt. Gladys Harris||2 episodes|||
|1975||Petrocelli||Angela Damon||Episode: "Once Upon a Victim"|||
|1975||The Rookies||Landers||Episode: "Ladies Day"|||
|1975||Sanford and Son||Herself||Episode: "Della, Della, Della"|||
|1975–1978||Chico and the Man||Della Rogers||27 episodes|||
|1976||Medical Center||Capt. Sykes||Episode: "Major Annie, MD"|||
|1979||Welcome Back, Kotter||Mrs. Tremaine||Episodes: "Come Back, Little Arnold", "The Gang Show"|||
|1980||Insight||Judge Roberta Lynn||Episode: "God in the Dock"|||
|1982||The Love Boat||Millie Washington||2 episodes|||
|1982–1983||It Takes Two||Judge Caroline Phillips||5 episodes|||
|1985||The A-Team||Mrs. Baracus||Episode: "Lease with an Option to Die"|||
|1985–1986||Crazy Like a Fox||Nurse Flood||3 episodes|||
|1986||Charlie & Co.||Aunt Rachel||4 episodes|||
|1986||ABC Afterschool Special||Aunt Faith||Episode: "The Gift of Amazing Grace"|||
|1987–1990||227||Grace / Rita Clark||2 episodes|||
|1989||Night Court||Aunt Ruth||Episode: "Auntie Maim"|||
|1990||The Young Riders||Stagecoach Sally||Episode: "Born to Hang"|||
|1990–1991||MacGyver||Mama Colton||2 episodes|||
|1991||Married People||Annette||Episode: "Dance Ten, Friends Zero"|||
|1991–1992||The Royal Family||Victoria Royal||15 episodes|||
|1992||Dream On||Receptionist||Episode: "No Deposit, No Return"|||
|1993||Designing Women||Mrs. Toussant||Episode: "Wedding Redux"|||
|1993||L.A. Law||Lucille Lake||Episode: "Vindaloo in the Villows"|||
|1993||Picket Fences||Naomi Grand||Episode: "The Lullaby League"|||
|1994–2003||Touched by an Angel||Tess||211 episodes
NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actress in a Drama Series (1998–2002)
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Series, Miniseries or Television Film
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series (1997–98)
Nominated—Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Drama Series (1997–98)
|1996–1998||Promised Land||Tess||6 episodes|||
|1997||Happily Ever After: Fairy Tales for Every Child||The Blues Fairy (voice)||Episode: "Pinocchio"|||
|2006||That's So Raven||Miss Rhonnie Wilcox||Episode: "The Four Aces"|||
|2009||The Young and the Restless||Aunt Virginia||2 episodes|||
|2010||Detroit 1-8-7||Lorraine Henderson||Episode: "Shelter"|||
|2014||Signed, Sealed, Delivered||Cora Brandt||2 episodes|||
Awards and nominations
- 1994: Hollywood Walk of Fame: 7060 Hollywood Boulevard—Television
- 1996: Image Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series—Touched by an Angel
- 1997: Image Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series—Touched by an Angel
- 1998: Image Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series—Touched by an Angel
- 1999: Image Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series—Touched by an Angel
- 2000: Image Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series—Touched by an Angel
- 2001: Image Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series—Touched by an Angel
- 2002: Image Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series—Touched by an Angel
- 2015 : Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs Walk of Stars
- 1960: Grammy Award—Don't You Know
- 1961: Grammy Award—Della (Album)
- 1997: Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series—Touched by an Angel
- 1997: Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Drama Series—Touched by an Angel
- 1997: Golden Globe Award for Best Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role in a Made for TV Series—Touched by an Angel
- 1998: Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series—Touched by an Angel
- 1998: Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Drama Series—Touched by an Angel
- 1999: Grammy Award—My Soul Feels Better Right Now
- 2000: Annie Award for Outstanding Individual Achievement for Voice Acting By a Female Performer in an Animated Feature—Dinosaur
- "Della (1969)". Internet Movie Database. 2009. Retrieved December 27, 2009.
- (Video). Della Reese interview with Tavis Smiley. June 12, 2009. Tavis Smiley Late Night. PBS.
- "Della Reese Biography". filmreference. 2009. Retrieved December 27, 2009.
- Hilary de Vries (June 14, 1998). "Della Reese: Earning Her Wings". The New York Times. Retrieved December 27, 2009.
- Andrea LeVasseur (2009). "Della Reese: Biography". All Movie Guide. MSN. Archived from the original on February 17, 2010. Retrieved December 27, 2009.
- Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 117. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
- "Music". dellareese.com. 2009. Archived from the original on May 17, 2010. Retrieved 2009-12-27.
- "Della" Talk Show on IMDb Retrieved February 21, 2013.
- "Calling All Angels! Sickly Della Reese Admits: 'My Life Is At Stake'". radaronline.com. August 29, 2016. Retrieved February 27, 2018.
- "Della Reese, Touched by an Angel Star and Legendary Singer, Dead at 86". E! News. Retrieved November 21, 2017.
- "Deloreese Daniels Owens's Story", Cushing's.
- Jessie Carney Smith (1996). Notable Black American Women. VNR AG. p. 546. ISBN 978-0-8103-9177-2.
- Joseph F. Clarke (1977). Pseudonyms. BCA. p. 138.
- Jet, 25 August 1977, p. 58
- Jet, 11 February 1960
- Andy Gregory (2002). The International Who's Who in Popular Music 2002. Psychology Press. p. 425. ISBN 978-1-85743-161-2.
- "Remembering Della Reese". Lhsc.on.ca. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
- Victoria Uwumarogie (August 31, 2016). "Della Reese Reportedly in Bad Shape: 'I Don't Have Type 2 Diabetes — Type 2 Diabetes Has Me'". Madamenoire. Retrieved September 4, 2016.
- Radar Staff (August 29, 2016). "Calling All Angels! Sickly Della Reese Admits: 'My Life is at State'". Radar Online. Retrieved September 4, 2016.
- "Local News | Della Reese Is No Angel, But She's Real Reverend -- In Dual Roles Of Minister And Actress, She Has A Big Following | Seattle Times Newspaper". Community.seattletimes.nwsource.com. Retrieved July 24, 2017.
- "Ministry". dellareese.com. 2009. Archived from the original on January 25, 2010. Retrieved 2009-12-27.
- "Ministry: Biography". Understanding Principles for Better Living Church. 2009. Retrieved December 27, 2009.
- Mazur, Marcia Levine (July 1, 2004). "Della Reese: "Diabetes will not make me a victim." Della Reese has type 2 diabetes, but you'll never hear her complain about her life". Diabetes Forecast. 57 (7): 56–60. PMID 15295806.
- Morris, Chris (November 20, 2017). "Della Reese, 'Touched by an Angel' Star and R&B Singer, Dies at 86". Variety. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- Rosen, Jody (June 25, 2019). "Here Are Hundreds More Artists Whose Tapes Were Destroyed in the UMG Fire". The New York Times. Retrieved June 28, 2019.
- "Filmography for Della Reese". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- Scheib, Ronnie (November 16, 2010). "Expecting Mary". Variety. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- "'Meant to Be' - Chicago Tribune". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- "Interview With Della Reese: 'God's Had a Bad Agent'". The Christian Post. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- "COP ON THE BEAT". Library of Congress.
- "HALLELUJAH (2011)". Library of Congress.
- "Dear Secret Santa (TV) (2013)". FilmAffinity.
- Gates, Anita (November 20, 2017). "Della Reese, Singer and 'Touched by an Angel' Star, Dies at 86". The New York Times.
- Biography.com Editors. "Della Reese". The Biography.com website. A&E Networks. Archived from the original on November 22, 2017. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- "Della Reese, 'Touched By an Angel' Star, Dies at 86". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- "Della Reese Biography (1931-)". filmreference.com. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- "INSIGHT". Library of Congress. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- "'Touched by an Angel' Star Della Reese Dies at 86". billboard. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- "DETROIT 1-8-7 Preview: December 7 on ABC". Broadway World. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- "Della Reese, singer and 'Touched by an Angel' star, dies at 86". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- "Della Reese - Hollywood Walk of Fame". Hollywood Walk of Fame. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- "Della Reese - Awards & Nominations". Awards and Winners. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- "Wayback Machine" (PDF). Web.archive.org. October 13, 2012. Archived from the original on October 13, 2012. Retrieved November 20, 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "Della Reese". Grammy.com. May 14, 2017. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- News, ABC (November 20, 2017). "'Touched by an Angel' star Della Reese has died". ABC News. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- "Nominations Search". Emmy Awards. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- "The 3rd Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards - Screen Actors Guild Awards". Screen Actors Guild. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- "CNN - Nominees for Golden Globe Awards - December 18, 1997". CNN. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- "The 4th Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards - Screen Actors Guild Awards". Screen Actors Guild. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- "Annie Awards". Annie Awards. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- Official website
- Della Reese on IMDb
- Della Reese at the TCM Movie Database
- Della Reese at Find a Grave
- Della Reese Interview at The Archive of American Television
- Understanding Principles for Better Living Church
- Della Reese's Tough TV Career
- Della Reese's oral history video excerpts at The National Visionary Leadership Project
- Appearances on C-SPAN