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Previn in October 1973
|Birth name||Andreas Ludwig Priwin|
|Born||April 6, 1929|
|Died||February 28, 2019 (aged 89)|
New York City, New York, U.S.
His career was three-pronged. Starting by arranging and composing Hollywood film scores for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Previn was involved in the music for over 50 films over his entire career. He won four Academy Awards for his film work and ten Grammy Awards for his recordings (and one more for his Lifetime Achievement). He was also the music director of the Houston Symphony Orchestra, the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, the Los Angeles Philharmonic, and the Oslo Philharmonic, as well as the principal conductor of the London Symphony Orchestra and the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra. In jazz, Previn was a pianist-interpreter and arranger of songs from the Great American Songbook, was piano-accompanist to singers of jazz standards, and was a trio pianist.
Previn was born in Berlin into a Jewish family, the second son and last of three children of Charlotte (née Epstein; Frankfurt 1891–1986) and Jack Previn (Jakob Priwin; Graudenz 1885–1963), who was a lawyer, judge, and music teacher born in Graudenz, then in Germany but which is now part of Poland. The oldest son Steve Previn became a director. The year of Previn's birth is uncertain. Whereas most published reports give 1929, Previn himself stated that 1930 was his birth year. All three children received piano lessons and Previn was the one who enjoyed them from the start and displayed the most talent. At six, he enrolled at the Berlin Conservatory. In 1938, Previn's father was told that his son was no longer welcome at the conservatory, despite André receiving a full scholarship in recognition of his abilities, on the grounds that he was Jewish.
In 1938, the family had applied for American visas and during the nine-month wait to obtain them, left Berlin for Paris. Previn's father enrolled his son into the Paris Conservatory where André learned music theory. On October 20, 1938, the family left Paris and sailed to New York City. Their journey continued to Los Angeles, arriving on November 26. His father's second cousin Charles Previn was music director for Universal Studios. Previn became a naturalized US citizen in 1943. He learned English, his third language after German and French, through comic books and other reading materials with a dictionary, and watching films. In 1946 he graduated from Beverly Hills High School and performed with Richard M. Sherman at the ceremony; Previn played the piano, accompanying Sherman, who played the flute.
In the film studios
Previn was involved in creating the music for over 50 films and won four Academy Awards for his work.
Previn's career began in 1946, when he was still in high school, as a composer, conductor, and arranger at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studios, after their music department noticed his work for a local radio program and wished to hire him. Previn recalled that MGM were "looking for somebody who was talented, fast and cheap and, because I was a kid, I was all three. So they hired me to do piecework and I evidently did it very well." His first official credit was for an entry in the Lassie series, The Sun Comes Up (1949), which much later he thought was "the most inept score you ever heard" after seeing a television rerun.
Previn was a full-time employee at MGM. He was called for military service in 1950. While stationed with the Sixth Army Band at the Presidio of San Francisco, Previn took private conducting lessons from Pierre Monteux, then conductor of the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra, which he valued highly, for two years from 1951. In 1953, Previn returned to Hollywood and focused his attention on film scores and jazz. Previn stayed at MGM for 16 years, but despite the secure job and good pay, had grown increasingly confined and desired to pursue classical music. He resigned from MGM at 32, wanting "to gamble with whatever talent I might have had."
His break with the film world in the 1960s was not as straightforward as he claimed in later life. He won a 1964 Oscars for Best Scoring of Music - Adaptation or Treatment for My Fair Lady (film). His film work continued until Rollerball (1975). Over his entire film career, Previn was involved in the music for over 50 movies as composer, conductor or performer.
Previn described himself as a musician who played jazz, not a jazz musician. But he proved to be a gifted jazz-piano interpreter and arranger of songs from the “great American songbook,” winning the respect of prominent dedicated jazz artists. He separately worked as piano-accompanist to singers of jazz standards, from Ella Fitzgerald to Doris Day, recording prolifically. And like Oscar Peterson, whom he admired a great deal, and Bill Evans, he worked often as a trio pianist, usually with bass and drums, collaborating with dozens of famed jazz instrumentalists. Previn also memorably filmed TV shows with Peterson (1974) and Fitzgerald (1979). Jazz critic and historian Ted Gioia wrote in his book about West Coast jazz, the scene to which Previn belonged:
[His] projects varied greatly in terms of quality and jazz content, but at his best Previn could be a persuasive, moving jazz musician. [...] Despite his deep roots in symphonic music, Previn largely steered clear of Third Stream classicism in his jazz work, aiming more at an earthy, hard-swinging piano style at times reminiscent of Horace Silver. Long before his eventual retreat from his jazz work, Previn had become something of a popularizer of jazz rather than a serious practitioner of the music. At his best, however, his music reflected a strong indigenous feel for the jazz idiom.
Dizzy Gillespie on Previn:
He has the flow, you know, which a lot of guys don't have and won't ever get. Yeah. I heard him play and I knew. A lot of guys, they have the technique, the harmonic sense. They've got the perfect coordination. And, yeah, all that's necessary. But you need something more, you know? Even if you only make an oooooooo, like that, you got to have the flow.
As a conductor and composer of classical music
He was music director of the Houston Symphony Orchestra, the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, the Los Angeles Philharmonic, and the Oslo Philharmonic, as well as the principal conductor of the London Symphony Orchestra and the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra.
In 1967, Previn succeeded Sir John Barbirolli as music director of the Houston Symphony Orchestra. In 1968, he began his tenure as principal conductor of the London Symphony Orchestra (LSO), serving in that post until 1979. During his LSO tenure, he and the LSO appeared on the BBC Television programme André Previn's Music Night. Previn described the Indian classical album recorded with Ravi Shankar in 1971, Concerto for Sitar & Orchestra, as "absolute, total, utter shit". However, during his period with the LSO, according to the music critic Martin Bernheimer, Previn gained the reputation of being "a first-rate conductor of second-rate music."
From 1975 to 1985, he was music director of the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra (PSO) and, in turn, had another television series with the PSO entitled Previn and the Pittsburgh. He was then principal conductor of the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra from 1985 to 1991.
In 1985, he became music director of the Los Angeles Philharmonic. Although Previn's tenure with the orchestra was deemed satisfactory from a professional perspective, other conductors, including Kurt Sanderling, Simon Rattle, and Esa-Pekka Salonen, did a better job at selling out concerts. Previn clashed frequently with Ernest Fleischmann (the LAPO's Executive VP and General Manager), including the dispute when Fleischmann failed to consult Previn before naming Salonen as Principal Guest Conductor of the orchestra, complete with a tour of Japan. As a result of Previn's objections, Salonen's title and Japanese tour were withdrawn; however, shortly thereafter, in April 1989, Previn resigned. Four months later, Salonen was named Music Director Designate of the Los Angeles Philharmonic, officially taking the post of Music Director in October 1992.
André Previn left two concert overtures, several tone poems, 14 concerti, a symphony for strings, incidental music to a British play; a rich trove of chamber music (six violin sonatas, other scores for violin and piano; sonatas for bassoon, cello, clarinet, flute and oboe, each with piano; a waltz for two oboes and piano, three other trios, a string quartet with soprano, a clarinet quintet, a quintet for horn and strings, a nonet, a so-called Octet for Eleven, and three works for brass ensemble); several works for solo piano; dozens of songs (in English and German); a monodrama for soprano, string quartet and piano (Penelope, completed just before he died); a musical each for New York and London (Coco and The Good Companions); and two successful operas.
In his capacity as conductor, mainly, Previn enjoyed a long relationship with the medium of television. He featured in Meet André Previn (1969) on London Weekend Television, the Morecambe and Wise Christmas Show in 1971 and 1972 (BBC), André Previn's Music Night (with the London Symphony Orchestra; three programmes in 1973, others in 1975 and 1976), and television interviews with other musicians. He made appearances on Call My Bluff and participated in documentaries about popular music and jazz during the 1970s and 1980s. In the United Kingdom he worked on TV with the London Symphony Orchestra. In the U.S. the television program Previn and the Pittsburgh (1977) featured him in collaboration with the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra.
British TV audiences witnessed his comic acting skills when he was introduced as "Mr. Andrew Preview" (or "Privet") on the Morecambe and Wise Christmas Show in 1971. This involved his conducting a performance of Edvard Grieg's Piano Concerto with Eric Morecambe as the inept soloist, having been tricked into doing it by being told that Yehudi Menuhin would be his solo violinist. Playing the comedy straight, the annoyed Previn then remarks: "I'll go fetch my baton. It's in Chicago." This comic ad-lib made Morecambe immediately realise the sketch would be a success. Later in the sketch Previn accuses Morecambe of playing "all the wrong notes"; Morecambe grits his teeth, grabs Previn by the lapels, and retorts that he has been playing "all the right notes, but not necessarily in the right order".
Because of other commitments, the only opportunity available for Previn to learn his part in the show was in the back of the taxi from the airport, but the talent he showed for comedy won high praise from his co-performers. He made a second appearance in their eighth series. In the sketch, he is tricked into visiting the pair again, and they suggest that if he works with them again, he could receive a knighthood; he conducts a 1920s-style dance band as the pair sing, and then joins them at the end of the episode in singing Bring Me Sunshine. Previn later appeared in the 1972 special as a bus conductor in a feature called "I worked with Morecambe and Wise and look what happened to me".
Previn himself recalled in 2005 that people in Britain still recall the sketch years later: "Taxi drivers still call me Mr Preview". He later said he was happy that the sketch meant as much to everyone else as it did to him, and that several parts of it were (uncharacteristically for Morecambe and Wise) improvised.
Previn was the subject of a two-hour film by Tony Palmer entitled 'The Kindness of Strangers' - after the closing words of his opera then in production, in 1998 - which followed Previn for a year at engagements around the world, and included interviews with Previn and rehearsals for the opera. The film was issued on DVD in 2009 by Voiceprint Records; an earlier issue had cut 30 minutes from it.
Previn was married five times. His first marriage, in 1952, was to jazz singer Betty Bennett, with whom he had two daughters, Claudia Previn Stasny and Alicia Previn. Previn divorced Bennett in 1957, a few months before she gave birth to Alicia.
In 1959, he married Dory Langan. A singer-songwriter, Dory became widely known as a lyricist with whom Previn collaborated on several Academy Award-nominated film scores during their marriage. After Previn separated from her in 1968 during her hospitalization for a mental breakdown, Dory resumed her career as a singer-songwriter with On My Way to Where (1970), a critically acclaimed album whose confessional lyrics were described as "searingly honest", and chronicled both her mental health struggles and the infidelity that she alleged had at once precipitated the end of her marriage to Previn and exacerbated her intermittent mental illness. In 2013, jazz singer Kate Dimbleby and pianist Naadia Sheriff revisited Dory Previn's musical reflections on her marriage to Previn in the London cabaret show, Beware Of Young Girls: The Dory Previn Story.
Previn's third marriage, in 1970, was to Mia Farrow, whom he began dating in 1968. Previn and Farrow had three biological children together—fraternal twins Matthew and Sascha, born before they were married, and Fletcher, born in 1974. They then adopted Vietnamese infants Lark Song and Summer "Daisy" Song (born October 6, 1974), followed by Soon-Yi Previn, a Korean child whose age a physician's bone scan placed between six and eight years old and whose unknown birth date her adoptive parents estimated as October 8, 1970. Previn and Farrow divorced in 1979. Lark died on Christmas Day 2008, aged 35; reports at the time suggested she had died of AIDS-related pneumonia. In the aftermath of the scandal involving Soon-Yi and Mia Farrow's partner Woody Allen, Previn said of Soon-Yi, "She does not exist."
Previn's most durable marriage was his fourth. In January 1982 he married Heather Sneddon. They had a son, Lukas. Previn wrote a brief memoir of his early years in Hollywood, No Minor Chords, which was published in 1991, edited by Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis and dedicated to Heather. This marriage ended in divorce after 17 years.
His fifth marriage, in 2002, was to the German violinist Anne-Sophie Mutter, for whom in the previous year he had composed his Violin Concerto. They announced their divorce in August 2006, but continued to work together in concerts afterwards.
Honours and awards
Previn was nominated for 11 Academy Awards. He won four times, in 1958, 1959, 1963 and 1964. He is one of the few composers to have accomplished the feat of winning back-to-back Oscars, and one of only two to have done so on two occasions. Previn was the only person in the history of the Academy Awards to receive three nominations in one year (for the 1960 awards).
In 1970 he was nominated for a Tony Award as part of Coco's nomination for Best Musical. In 1974, he composed the musical score for The Good Companions starring John Mills in London. In 1977 he became an Honorary Member of the Royal Academy of Music. The 1977 television show Previn and the Pittsburgh was nominated for three Emmy awards.
Previn was appointed an honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1996. (Not being a citizen of a Commonwealth realm, he was permitted to use the post-nominal letters KBE but was not styled "Sir André".) Previn received the Kennedy Center Honors in 1998 in recognition of his contributions to classical music and opera in the United States. In 2005 he was awarded the international Glenn Gould Prize and in 2008 won Gramophone magazine's Lifetime Achievement Award for his work in classical, film, and jazz music. In 2010, the Recording Academy honored Previn with a Lifetime Achievement Grammy.
Previn's discography contains hundreds of recordings in film, jazz, classical music, theatre, and contemporary classical music. Because of the huge number of recordings, the following lists are necessarily highly selective. A full discography (including LP/CD record codes) is available in Frédéric Döhl: André Previn. Musikalische Vielseitigkeit und ästhetische Erfahrung, Stuttgart 2012, pp. 295–319.
Most of the films which incorporate Previn's music are still available as videos/DVDs and/or as soundtrack records. Some of his soundtracks have been reissued in recent years, including those from Elmer Gantry, Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, Inside Daisy Clover, and Dead Ringer.
Previn made dozens of jazz recordings, as both leader and sideman, primarily during two periods: from 1945 to 1967, and from 1989 to 2001, with just a handful of recordings in between or afterward. He also did crossover recordings with such classical singers as Eileen Farrell, Leontyne Price and Kiri Te Kanawa, as well as several easy-listening records with piano and orchestra in the 1960s (beginning with Like Young: Secret Songs for Young Lovers, 1959, with David Rose and His Orchestra).
Following his performance on Shelly Manne's recording Modern Jazz Performances of Songs from My Fair Lady in 1956, Previn released several albums of jazz interpretations of songs from broadway musicals as well as several solo piano recordings focused on the songbooks of popular composers (André Previn Plays Songs by Vernon Duke, 1958; André Previn Plays Songs by Harold Arlen, 1960; Ballads. Solo Jazz Standards, 1996; Alone: Ballads for Solo Piano, 2007), the late recording of songs by Harold Arlen with singer Sylvia McNair and bass player David Finck (Come Rain or Shine: The Harold Arlen Songbook, 1996), and his TV shows with Oscar Peterson (1974) – which Marlon Brando simply called "one of the greatest hours I ever saw on television" – and Ella Fitzgerald (1979) respectively.
Jazz recordings as leader/co-leader
- (RCA Victor, 1952)
- Collaboration (RCA Victor, 1955) – with Shorty Rogers
- (Decca, 1955)
- Double Play! (Contemporary, 1957) with Russ Freeman
- Pal Joey (Contemporary, 1957)
- Gigi (Contemporary, 1958)
- André Previn Plays Songs by Vernon Duke (Contemporary, 1958)
- (MGM Records, 1958, with David Rose)
- King Size! (Contemporary, 1959)
- André Previn Plays Songs by Jerome Kern (Contemporary, 1959)
- Somebody Loves Me (Capitol, 1959)
- West Side Story (Contemporary, 1959)
- (MGM Records, 1960)
- The Subterraneans (soundtrack) (MGM, 1960)
- Like Previn! (Contemporary, 1960)
- André Previn Plays Songs by Harold Arlen (Contemporary, 1960)
- (Columbia, 1960)
- (Columbia, 1960)
- Dinah Sings, Previn Plays (Capitol, 1960)
- (Columbia, 1961)
- (MGM Records, 1961)
- Duet (Columbia, 1962, with Doris Day)
- André Previn and J. J. Johnson Play Kurt Weill's Mack The Knife & Bilbao-Song (Columbia, 1962, with J. J. Johnson)
- (Columbia, 1963) with Herb Ellis, Ray Brown and Shelly Manne
- (Decca, 1963)
- (Columbia, 1964)
- (Columbia, 1964)
- (RCA Camden, 1964)
- (Columbia, 1965)
- (RCA Victor, 1965)
- (RCA Victor, 1966)
- All Alone (RCA Victor, 1967)
- (RCA Victor, 1967, with Leontyne Price)
- (Angel Records, 1975, with Itzhak Perlman)
- A Different Kind of Blues (EMI/Angel, 1980, with Itzhak Perlman)
- (EMI/Angel, 1981, with Itzhak Perlman)
- Nice Work if You Can Get It (1983, with Ella Fitzgerald and Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen)
- After Hours (Telarc, 1989, with Joe Pass and Ray Brown)
- Uptown (Telarc, 1990, with Mundell Lowe and Ray Brown)
- Old Friends (Telarc, 1992, with Mundell Lowe and Ray Brown)
- Kiri Sidetracks: The Jazz Album (1992, with Kiri Te Kanawa, Mundell Lowe and Ray Brown)
- What Headphones? (Angel, 1993)
- Sure Thing: The Jerome Kern Songbook (1994, with Sylvia McNair and David Finck)
- André Previn and Friends Play Show Boat (Deutsche Grammophon, 1995, with Mundell Lowe, Ray Brown and Grady Tate)
- Ballads: Solo Jazz Standards (Angel, 1996)
- Come Rain or Shine: The Harold Arlen Songbook (1996, with Sylvia McNair and David Finck)
- Jazz at the Musikverein (Verve, 1997, with Mundell Lowe and Ray Brown)
- We Got Rhythm: A Gershwin Songbook (Deutsche Grammophon, 1998, with David Finck)
- We Got It Good and That Ain't Bad: An Ellington Songbook (Deutsche Grammophon, 1999, with David Finck)
- Live at the Jazz Standard (Decca, 2001, with David Finck)
- Alone: Ballads for Solo Piano (Decca, 2007)
Jazz recordings as sideman/group member
with Buddy Bregman
with Benny Carter
with Michael Feinstein
- Change of Heart: The Songs of Andre Previn (Telarc, 2013)
with Helen Humes
- Tain't Nobody's Biz-ness if I Do (Contemporary, 1959) OCLC 28100012
- Songs I Like to Sing! (Contemporary, 1960) OCLC 658586296
with Barney Kessel
with Shelly Manne
- Shelly Manne & His Friends (Contemporary, 1956)
- My Fair Lady (Contemporary, 1956)
- Li'l Abner (Contemporary, 1957)
- Bells Are Ringing (Contemporary, 1959)
with Lyle Murphy
- Twelve-Tone Compositions and Arrangements by Lyle Murphy (Contemporary, 1955)
with Pete Rugolo
- An Adventure in Sound: Reeds in Hi-Fi (Mercury, 1956 ) OCLC 12855653
- An Adventure in Sound: Brass in Hi-Fi (Mercury 1956 ) OCLC 793508083
- Percussion at Work (EmArcy, 1957) OCLC 48895568
Previn's recorded repertory as a conductor focused on standards of the Classical, Romantic and Modern eras. In opera, however, he recorded only Der Schauspieldirektor, Die Fledermaus, and Ravel’s two short operas, as well as his own A Streetcar Named Desire.
He favored the symphonic music of Berlioz, Brahms and Strauss, and placed a special emphasis on violin and piano concertos and on ballets. Only a few of his recordings were of music before Haydn and Mozart (both favourites on his programmes) or of atonal or serial avant-garde pieces. In 20th-century music his repertory highlit specific composers of late Romanticism and Modernism: Barber, Britten, Gershwin, Korngold, Prokofiev, Rachmaninoff, Ravel, Shostakovich, Strauss, Vaughan Williams, Walton and Shapero. Previn recorded for RCA, EMI, Telarc and Deutsche Grammophon.
Noteworthy as interpretations, for various reasons, are his recordings of Shostakovich's Fifth Symphony (for RCA in 1965), Walton's First Symphony (1966), the Vaughan Williams symphonies (1967–72), Rachmaninoff's Second Symphony (for EMI in 1970), Rachmaninoff's piano concertos (for Decca in 1970-71, with Vladimir Ashkenazy), Walton's Belshazzar’s Feast (EMI, 1972), Orff's Carmina Burana (1974) and Mendelssohn's A Midsummer Night’s Dream (1976), all with the London Symphony Orchestra; and Strauss's horn concertos (for DG in 1996), with the Vienna Philharmonic.
Chamber music and solo piano
- Samuel Barber: Four Excursions, Paul Hindemith: Piano Sonata No. 3, Frank Martin: Prelude No. 7 (1961) OCLC 6051005, 6050975, 6050950
- Gabriel Fauré: Piano Trio in D minor op. 120, Felix Mendelssohn: Piano Trio in D minor op. 49 (1964, with Nathan Roth and Joseph Schuster) OCLC 42049799
- Sergei Rachmaninoff: Music for Two Pianos. Suite Nr. 1 op. 5, Suite Nr. 2 op. 17, Symphonic Dances op. 45 (1974, with Vladimir Ashkenazy) OCLC 34436597
- Maurice Ravel: Piano Trio in A minor, Dmitri Shostakovich: Piano Trio No. 2 in E minor op. 67 (1974, with Kim Young Uck and Ralph Kirshbaum) OCLC 956595804
- Claude Debussy: Piano Trio in G major, Maurice Ravel: Piano Trio in A minor (1995, with Julie Rosenfeld and Gary Hoffmann) OCLC 33353449
- Ludwig van Beethoven: Piano Trio No. 7 in B-flat major op. 97, Johannes Brahms: Piano Trio in B major op. 8 (1995, with Viktoria Mullova and Heinrich Schiff) OCLC 725305569, 760120895
- American Scenes. André Previn: Sonata for Violin and Piano "Vineyard", George Gershwin: Three Preludes, Aaron Copland: Sonata for Violin and Piano, Nocturne, Samuel Barber: Canzone (Elegy) op. 38a (1998, with Gil Shaham) OCLC 610630921
His own compositions
- Guitar Concerto (1972, with John Williams and the London Symphony Orchestra) OCLC 18200389
- Every Good Boy Deserves Favour (1978, with the London Symphony Orchestra) OCLC 1051570863
- Piano Concerto and Guitar Concerto (1990, with Vladimir Ashkenazy, Eduardo Fernandez and the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra) OCLC 25048167
- Honey and Rue (1995, with Kathleen Battle and the Orchestra of St. Luke's) OCLC 1015587270
- "From Ordinary Things": Sonata for Cello and Piano; Four Songs for Soprano, Cello and Piano; Two Remembrances for Soprano, Alto Flute and Piano; Vocalise for Soprano, Cello and Piano (1997, with Sylvia McNair, Yo-Yo Ma and Sandra Church) OCLC 664702000
- Trio for Piano, Oboe and Bassoon (1997, with Cynthia Koledo de Almeida and Nancy Goeres) OCLC 36578670
- "Music of André Previn": Trio for Piano, Oboe and Bassoon, Peaches for Flute and Piano, Triolet for Brass, Variations on a Theme by Haydn for Piano, A Wedding Waltz for Two Oboes and Piano (1998, with the St. Luke's Chamber Ensemble) OCLC 39802171
- "American Scenes": Sonata for Violin and Piano "Vineyard" (1998, with Gil Shaham) OCLC 610630921
- A Streetcar Named Desire (1998; with Renée Fleming, Elizabeth Futral, Rodney Gilfry, Anthony Dean Griffey, San Francisco Opera Orchestra) OCLC 40677304
- "Diversions – Songs": Diversions; Sallie Chisum Remembers Billy the Kid; Vocalise; The Giraffes Go to Hamburg; Three Dickinson Songs (2001, with Renée Fleming, Barbara Bonney, Moray Welsh, Vienna Philharmonic, London Symphony Orchestra) OCLC 883991342
- Tango Song and Dance (2003, Anne-Sophie Mutter) OCLC 658792388
- Violin Concerto "Anne-Sophie" (2003, with Anne-Sophie Mutter and the Boston Symphony Orchestra) OCLC 941807870
- Double Concerto for Violin, Contrabass and Orchestra; Piano Concerto; Violin Concerto "Anne-Sophie"; Three Dickinson Songs; Diversions; "I Can Smell The Sea Air" from A Streetcar Named Desire (2009, with Renée Fleming, Anne-Sophie Mutter, Vladimir Ashkenazy, Roman Patkolo, Boston Symphony Orchestra, London Symphony Orchestra, Vienna Philharmonic, San Francisco Opera Orchestra) OCLC 311799824
- Brief Encounter (2011, with Elizabeth Futral, Nathan Gunn, Kim Josephson, Houston Grand Opera Orchestra, Patrick Summers) OCLC 713210831
List of awards
- Best Music – Scoring of a Musical Picture
- Best Score – Adaptation or Treatment
Previn received Grammy Awards and nominations:
- 2010 André Previn
- 1974 Walton: Belshazzar's Feast with the London Symphony Chorus & Orchestra
- 1977 Rachmaninoff: Kolokola with the London Symphony Chorus & Orchestra
- Moss, Stephen (June 6, 2005). "Baton charged". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved September 6, 2009.
- Koseluk, Chris (February 28, 2019). "Andre Previn, Master of Many Musical Genres, Dies at 89". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
- Ruttencutter 1985, p. 35.
- "Andre Previn Biography (1930-)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved June 24, 2013.
- Frédéric Döhl, André George Previn, in: Lexikon verfolgter Musiker und Musikerinnen der NS-Zeit, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg, 2007 (in German)
- Jack Previn's gravestone at Mount Sinai Memorial Park, Los Angeles
- Previn mentioned in the liner notes of the programme printed for his appearance as guest conductor of the Boston Symphony Orchestra during the 2006–07 season that his year of birth was 1930, and not 1929 as many sources claim.
- Ruttencutter 1985, p. 36.
- Barron, James (February 28, 2019). "André Previn, Whose Music Knew No Boundaries, Dies at 89". The New York Times. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
- The Priwin family on the passenger list of the S.S. Manhattan from Le Havre to New York and of the SS City of Newport News from New York to Los Angeles. Andreas' age is listed as "9" both times, consistent with a birth year of 1929.
- Ruttencutter 1985, p. 37.
- Brockes, Emma (October 1, 2008). "Emma Brockes talks to composer André Previn: 'I gambled on my talent'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on October 29, 2018. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
- "Richard M. Sherman & Robert B. Sherman". Jango Radio. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
- Page, Tim (February 28, 2019). "André Previn, musical polymath and Oscar-winning composer and conductor, dies at 89". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
- Natale, Richard (February 28, 2019). "Andre Previn, Four-Time Oscar-Winning Composer, Dies at 89". Variety. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
- Ruttencutter 1985, p. 49.
- Canarina J. Pierre Monteux, Maître. Amadeus Press, Pompton Plains, Cambridge, 2003, p204-5.
- Ruttencutter 1985, p. 50.
- Stearns, David Patrick (February 28, 2019). "André Previn obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
- Peikert, Mark (February 28, 2019). "Oscar-Winning André Previn, Who Scored Such Movie Musicals as My Fair Lady and Porgy and Bess, Dies at 89". Playbill. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
- Frédéric Döhl: André Previn. Musikalische Vielseitigkeit und ästhetische Erfahrung, Stuttgart 2012, p. 127.
- Ted Gioia, West Coast Jazz. Modern Jazz in California, 1945–1960, Berkeley 1998, p. 278 – as quoted in Frédéric Döhl: André Previn. Musikalische Vielseitigkeit und ästhetische Erfahrung, Stuttgart 2012, p. 140.
- Martin Bookspan/Ross Yockey, André Previn. A Biography, London 1981, S. 124 – as quoted in Frédéric Döhl: André Previn. Musikalische Vielseitigkeit und ästhetische Erfahrung, Stuttgart 2012, pp. 139–140.
- Gonzales, J.R. (March 1, 2019). "André Previn's all-too-brief, tumultous [sic] time with the Houston Symphony". Houston Chronicle. Houston. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
- "Conductors". London Symphony Orchestra. Archived from the original on January 23, 2012.
- "London Symphony Orchestra - Obituary: André Previn (1929/30 – 2019)". lso.co.uk. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
Under his leadership, the LSO performed to large audiences in the concert hall and on television, through André Previn’s Music Night, the show that turned Previn into a star and the LSO into a household name."
- Clark, Philip (March 1, 2019). "André Previn: 'Whenever I walk down a street in London someone will shout, "Hey, Mr Preview"'". The Guardian. Retrieved March 3, 2019.
- Downing, Hugh (1979). "PREVIN AND THE PITTSBURGH". Library of Congress. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
- Gelt, Jessica (February 28, 2019). "Why André Previn left L.A. and wouldn't set foot in the city for decades". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
- Bernheimer, Martin (October 15, 1989). "Andre Previn vs. Ernest Fleischmann, In L.A.'s battle of wits and few words, the conductor loses to the tyrant". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
- Bernheimer, Martin (October 8, 1989). "The Tyrant of Philharmonic". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 19, 2012. Retrieved October 4, 2009.
- Tilden, Imogen (February 28, 2019). "Conductor and composer André Previn dies at 89". The Guardian. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
- For a full catalogue raisonné containing the dates, places and participants of premieres as well as the names and sources for lost works abandoned works, rejected works and withdrawn works,see Frédéric Döhl: André Previn. Musikalische Vielseitigkeit und ästhetische Erfahrung, Stuttgart 2012, p. 279-294.
- BFI film archive search result for André Previn Archived December 22, 2017, at the Wayback Machine accessed 12 December 2017.
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- "Christmas with Eric and Ernie". Yours. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
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- Note by Palmer accompanying the 2009 DVD edition, TP DVD 153.
- "Ancestry.com". Search.ancestry.com. Retrieved June 24, 2013.
- "Ancestry.com". Search.ancestry.com. Retrieved June 24, 2013.
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- Hoban, Phoebe (September 21, 1992). "Everything You Always Wanted To Know About Woody and Mia (But Were Afraid to Ask)". New York. New York City: New York Media – via Google Books.
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- Chris Jones (August 9, 2002). "André Previn: Striking the right chord". BBC News: Newsmakers. Archived from the original on January 4, 2009. Retrieved September 6, 2009.
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- As quoted in Frédéric Döhl: André Previn. Musikalische Vielseitigkeit und ästhetische Erfahrung, Stuttgart 2012, p. 16.
- "Ella Fitzgerald in concert 1979 last part (6)". YouTube. January 16, 2009. Archived from the original on August 5, 2016. Retrieved June 24, 2013.
- "Shorty Rogers / André Previn - Collaboration". Discogs. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
- "Double Play! - André Previn, Russ Freeman | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
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- "All Alone - André Previn | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
- "Different Kind of Blues - Itzhak Perlman, André Previn | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
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- "Sylvia McNair, André Previn, David Finck - Sure Thing: The Jerome Kern Songbook". Discogs. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
- "Play Showboat - André Previn | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
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- "Sylvia McNair, André Previn - Come Rain Or Come Shine: The Harold Arlen Songbook". Discogs. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
- "Jazz at the Musikverein - André Previn | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
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- DuncanDruce (January 9, 2013). "We Got It Good...And That Ain't Bad - An Ellington Songbook". www.gramophone.co.uk. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
- "Live at the Jazz Standard - David Finck, André Previn | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
- Siders, Harvey. "Andre Previn: Alone". JazzTimes. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
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- "Music to Listen to Barney Kessel By - Barney Kessel | Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
- "Modern Jazz Performances from Bizet's Carmen - Barney Kessel | Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
- "Shelly Manne & His Friends, Vol. 1 - Shelly Manne, Shelly Manne & His Men | Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
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- Jazz, All About. "Shelley Manne and his Friends: Modern Jazz Performances of Songs From Li'l Abner". All About Jazz. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
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- "Whitey Mitchell Leader Entry". jazzdiscography.com. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
- "Lyle Murphy: West Coast Tonal - JazzWax". www.jazzwax.com. Retrieved March 3, 2019.
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- Billington, Michael (January 19, 2009). "Theatre review: Every Good Boy Deserves Favour / Olivier, London". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
- Clements, Andrew (June 27, 2003). "A Streetcar Named Desire, Barbican, London". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
- "Review: André Previn's 'Brief Encounter' premieres in Houston". LA Times Blogs - Culture Monster. May 3, 2009. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
- "Andre Previn". GRAMMY.com. February 15, 2019. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
- Martin Bookspan / Ross Yockey: André Previn. A Biography, Garden City/New York 1981.
- Frédéric Döhl, André Previn. In: German Historical Institut Washington DC: Transatlantic Perspectives. Europe in the Eyes of European Immigrants to the United States, 1930–1980, Washington 2012.
- Frédéric Döhl, André Previn. In: Charles Hiroshi Garrett: New Grove Dictionary of American Music. 2nd Edition, Oxford University Press, New York 2013, Vol. 6, pp. 597–599.
- Frédéric Döhl, About the Task of Adapting a Movie Classic for the Opera Stage: On André Previn’s A Streetcar Named Desire (1998) and Brief Encounter (2009). In: Frédéric Döhl & Gregor Herzfeld (eds.): In Search of the Great American Opera: Tendenzen des amerikanischen Musiktheaters, Münster 2016, pp. 147–175.
- Michael Freedland: André Previn, London 1991.
- Edward Greenfield: André Previn. In: The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, hrsg. von Stanley Sadie, London 2001, Vol. 20, pp. 309–310.
- Edward Greenfield: André Previn, London/New York 1973.
- Lawrence Kramer: The Great American Opera: Klinghoffer, Streetcar, and the Exception. In: The Opera Quarterly 23/1 (2007), pp. 66–80.
- David McKee: A Streetcar Named Desire. André Previn. In: The Opera Quarterly 16/4 (2000), pp. 718–723.
- André Previn, No Minor Chords. My Days in Hollywood, New York 1991.
- André Previn (Ed. and Introduction): Orchestra, London 1979.
- André Previn / Antony Hopkins: Music Face to Face, London 1971.
- Helen Drees Ruttencutter: Previn, New York 1985.
- Frédéric Döhl: Book Musicals im Jazz um 1960: André Previns ›Modern Jazz Performances‹ von My Fair Lady (1956) und Porgy & Bess (1959). In: Lied und populäre Kultur/Song and Popular Culture. Jahrbuch des Deutschen Volksliedarchivs 58 (2013), pp. 73–105.
- Frédéric Döhl: Brief Encounter: Zu David Leans Film (1945) und André Previns Oper (2009). In Archiv für Musikwissenschaft 70/4 (2013), pp. 311–332.
- Frédéric Döhl: André Previn. In Hanns-Werner Heister/Walter Wolfgang Sparrer (Ed.): Komponisten der Gegenwart, Munich 2013 (contains sheet music examples, a full catalog raisonné and a selected filmography and discography).
- Frédéric Döhl: André Previn. Musikalische Vielseitigkeit und ästhetische Erfahrung (engl. André Previn. Musical Versatility and Aesthetic Experience), Stuttgart 2012, 351 p. (contains sheet music samples from Violin Concerto Anne-Sophie (2001), Brief Encounter (2009), Cello Concerto (2011), and for the first time full catalog raisonné, filmography and discography).
- Frédéric Döhl: Movie for the stage? Zu André Previns Opern. In Archiv für Musikwissenschaft 69/1 (2012), p. 51–64.
- Frédéric Döhl: André George Previn. In Claudia Maurer Zenck, Peter Petersen (Ed.): Lexikon verfolgter Musiker und Musikerinnen der NS-Zeit, Hamburg ²2012.
- Frédéric Döhl: If the Image is valid. André Previn und die Rezeption musikalischer Diversifikation (engl. If the Image is valid. André Previn and the reception of musical diversification). In: Miriam Drewes / Ruth Reiche / Iris Romanos / Berenika Szymanski (Ed.): Transformationen – Entgrenzung in den Künsten (engl. Transformations – The Dissolution of Limits in the Arts), Bielefeld 2011, pp. 96–113.
- André Previn – official site
- André Previn at AllMusic
- André Previn at the Encyclopædia Britannica
- André Previn discography at Discogs
- André Previn at the Internet Broadway Database
- André Previn on IMDb
- André Previn biography from IMG Artists
- Interview with Andre Previn, March 5, 2005